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Answers To Common Questions About Traumatic Brain Injuries

  • What is a traumatic brain injury? Show Answer

    A traumatic brain injury (TBI) happens when a sudden traumatic event causes damage to the brain. A TBI can result when the head hits an object such as in a car accident or during contact sports, or when an object penetrates the skull and enters the brain tissue.

  • What are some of the symptoms caused by a TBI? Show Answer

    Symptoms of a TBI can be mild to severe. A person with a mild TBI does not have to lose consciousness. According to the Brain Injury Association Of Maryland, other TBI symptoms include the following:

    • Headache
    • Confusion
    • Lightheadedness
    • Dizziness
    • Blurred vision or tired eyes
    • Ringing in the ears
    • A bad taste in the mouth
    • Fatigue or lethargy
    • Sleep changes
    • Behavioral or mood changes
    • Memory, concentration and thinking problems.

    If you have hit your head, first seek out medical attention. If the injury was caused by someone else’s negligence, consult a qualified personal injury attorney. The Brain Injury Association Of Maryland recommends that you look for a headache that gets worse or will not go away. Someone may also have convulsions or seizures or vomiting or nausea. It is important to make sure the person is seen before they go to sleep, as it is often difficult to wake someone who has had a TBI. A person’s eyes may be dilated in one or both pupils, their speech may be slurred and they may have weakness or numbness in the extremities. If someone experiences a loss of coordination, increased confusion or is otherwise “out of sorts” after a head injury, consult a medical professional.

  • What is a concussion? Show Answer

    The word concussion is used to describe any injury to the brain that is the result of an impact to the head. This can be mild or severe. Concussion and closed head injury mean the same thing.

  • What is a closed head injury? Show Answer

    A closed head injury often happens in a car accident. No object actually penetrates the brain but the brain has suffered a trauma from a violent shake or thrust or by hitting a hard object. The injury can be diffuse, meaning all over the brain, or focal, meaning that the damage is centralized to one area. These injuries range from mild to severe.

  • What is a open head injury? Show Answer

    An open head injury can also be called a penetrating head injury or skull fracture. This injury happens when something penetrates the skull and enters the brain. These injuries are typically focal, affecting only a specific area of brain tissue. These are very serious injuries that can cause permanent disability and can be fatal.

  • What is a diffuse axonal injury? Show Answer

    A diffuse axonal injury results from the brain moving back and forth in the skull as a result of acceleration or deceleration. In this injury nothing hits the head. This injury can be caused by a fall, in sports, in a car accident or by a violent act such as shaken baby syndrome.